Top 10 Undervalued Stocks to Buy

In order to get multibagger returns one individual needs to follow one simple rule, “Find only fundamentally strong stocks which are undervalued and stay invested in them for the long term.”

Why long term?

Historically, the equity asset class has delivered better returns in comparison to other asset classes. Let’s make it clear with the help of the following example. Ace investor Warren Buffet picks those fundamentally strong stocks which have delivered a CAGR of 29%. Apart from the return, the most crucial factor is that he started an investment when he was 11 years old.

Just look at the following graph.

Return on equity of undervalued stocks

If you make a lump sum investment of Rs. 1 lakh at once and allow the money to compound at the rate of 15%, then you will get-

  • 4 lakh after 10 years,
  • 16 lakh after 20 years,
  • 66 lakh after 30 years.

Why fundamentally strong stocks?

It is because stocks with strong fundamentals represent those companies which have these features,

  • Consistent sales growth at a rate of 10%.
  • Consistent profit growth at a rate of 15%.
  • A debt-free company. If not so, the ratio must be low to 0.10 or 0.25.
  • Strong business model.
  • Sustainable competitive advantage in comparison to peer companies.
  • Good dividend yield.
  • Sustainable EPS growth.

Now after analysis of the above-mentioned points, retail investors are confused about how to pick undervalued stocks.

What are undervalued stocks?

Undervalued stocks are those stocks that trade at prices which are presumed to be below the intrinsic or enterprise value. An undervalued stock can be picked after analysis of the company’s financial status, fundamentals, valuation ratios, etc.

How to know if the stock is undervalued

The easiest way to pick undervalued stocks is to invest during the falling market.

The next thing is how to know whether the market is falling or rising.

Keep notice if the indices such as Nifty 50, Sensex, Nifty Auto, S & P BSE FMCG, etc. inches towards lower levels.

To get a better idea you need to check the Price-to-Earnings Ratio and Price-to-Book ratio of any index.

How to find undervalued stocks?

Apart from that Ace Investor, Benjamin Graham describes how to pick undervalued stocks in his famous book “The Intelligent Investor”. Here are the parameters you should keep in mind while picking undervalued stocks,

  • Pick a stock that has got at least a B+ rating from Standard & Poor.
  • Stocks with a lower price-to-earnings ratio in comparison to peer companies.
  • Any stock with lower Price-to-Book Ratio i.e. less than 1.
  • Stocks with a Current ratio of 1.5 or higher.
  • Debt to Equity Ratio is Zero or less than 0.25.
  • Healthy Dividend payout and stable Earnings-per-Share.
  • The cash flow of the company.
  • Current Inflation.
  • Enterprise Value.

Investment Rating

There are many rating agencies which are in operation like Crisil, Morgan-Stanley, and Standard & Poor, etc. You have to follow the rating given by these rating agencies. Generally, a B+ rating is an ideal investment grade in which you are free to invest your hard-earned money. The rating B+ indicates that the company is stable and likely to grow in the near future.

Price-to-earnings Ratio

Let’s assume, a company has a net income of $ 10,000 per year. It Pays for $ 5,000/- in a preferred dividend to investors. It has 50 shares outstanding.

Earning Per Share

Now, if the stock currently trades at $ 1000, then

Price to earning Ratio

You need to choose such stocks that have P/E less than 9. But P/E varies from sector to sector. Lower P/E ratio of sectors does not mean that this sector is undervalued and is going to boom and deliver a multi-bagger return in the near future compared to that sector which has a higher P/E ratio. These sectors have higher valuation just because the market is bullish on these sectors and their future potential like Automobile, FMCG, Petroleum, etc. They are the core sectors of the Indian economy and have the potential to deliver a robust performance in the upcoming years.

Price-to-book ratio

You will find the book value of the stock in the balance sheet of the company.

Price-to-Book Ratio

Let’s assume, the stock currently trades at $ 100 and the book value per share is $ 10 then,

P/B Ratio =         [$100/$ 10] = 10.

You need to pick such stocks that have a P/B ratio of less than one.

Current Ratio

The ratio is the snapshot of the asset and liabilities of any company. You will find the assets and liabilities a company has in its balance sheet. Find such quality stocks that have a current ratio of more than 1.5.

Current Ratio

Let’s assume, the current assets of any company is $ 1200 and current liabilities is $ 400 then,

Current Ratio =  [$1200/$ 400] = 3.

Debt to Equity Ratio

An individual needs to analyze the total outstanding debt the company has to repay either in the long term or in the short term and the asset the company owes.

Debt to Equity Ratio

Preferably one individual should invest in those stocks which are either debt-free or have very marginal debt not more than 0.25.

Healthy dividend payout and stable Earnings-per-share

Let’s assume, a company has a net income of $ 10,000 per year. It Pays $5,000 in a preferred dividend to investors. It has 50 shares outstanding.

Earning Per Share

It is a good idea to invest your money in those stocks that regularly pay a dividend and deliver a Healthy dividend payout. The stocks which have delivered healthy dividend-paying must have following features

  • Consistent dividend payout over the past 5 years.
  • The high dividend yield for the last 5 years.
  • Growth in dividend per share from time to time.

The cash flow of the company

To understand a company’s true economic condition one should check the free cash flow of the concerned company. Free cash flow actually reveals the profit the company makes. It implies a broader range in the company’s functioning in the overall business.

Whenever you check the free cash flow of a company, you should analyze from which source the company is gaining its capital for its day-to-day business. Usually, there are two sources, the first one is earning from running operation i.e., business and the second one is receiving debt from the market i.e., debt financing. If the company runs its operation from the profit earned by running operation you should stay invested with the company. But if the company runs its business by debt financing, naturally the debt will increase from time to time. So, stay clear of these types of companies or stocks.

Free Cash Flow - undervalued stocks

Free Cash flow is one of the most reliable and widely used metrics among value investors, as it provides an accurate position of the company’s financial condition. In simple words, free cash flow is an account of how much cash a company is left with after paying for all expenses.

Companies that manage to generate consistently large cash flows without incurring much capital expenditure are always valued higher by investors. Negative free cash flows are a sign of the deteriorating health of a company.

Current Inflation

In countries like India, you should watch out inflation because the P/E ratio is adversely affected by current inflation. Owing to inflation, retail consumers spend less and the expenses rise. This will decrease the earnings per share. When EPS falls, it, in turn, increases the P/E ratio making stocks overvalued. In addition, for a growing economy like India too low inflation rate also adversely affects the stocks. So, as an intelligent investor, you should analyze the following points,

  • Reserves growth must be more than the current inflation rate.
  • Asset growth must be more than the current inflation rate.
  • Sales growth must be more than the current inflation rate.
  • Cash flow growth must be more than the current inflation rate.

Enterprise Value

You need to analyze whether the enterprise value of any stock is less than its market capitalization. Usually when the stock’s enterprise value is less than the market capitalization, then it is considered that the stock is undervalued.

How to calculate the enterprise value of any undervalued stocks?

Enterprise Value = Market Capitalization + [Debt – Cash]

calculation of Market capitalization to pick undervalued stocks

Suppose a company has a huge cash reserve. Its cash reserve is so enormous that the company may clear all the debt from the cash reserve only. But this is the rarest of rear cases. So, you need to pick those stocks which match the nearest one.

Note: This is the few lessons from the book which I discovered from Christopher Browne’s brilliant book ‘The Little Book of Value Investing’

Top 10 Undervalued stocks to buy in India

Stock Compounded Sales Growth Compounded Profit Growth Price to Earnings Ratio
Power Grid Corporation Of India 18.19% 28.09% 9.51
HEG 94.44% 586.73% 1.64
J Kumar Infraprojects 25.54% 21.42% 6.64
Deep Industries 15.30% 12.32% 4.35
LIC Housing Finance 11.67% 13.43% 7.91
Indiabulls Housing Finance 22.67% 20.39% 2.66
Graphite India 72.45% 246.02% 3.48
Balrampur Chini 15.85% 33.76% 5.59
Dilip Buildcon 31.62% 50.96% 8.81

Finally, you need to consider any specific sector which is cyclical in nature. This kind of sector tends to deliver better returns when the economy is booming. Spot any company after analysis of price fluctuations during the market correction or after a disappointing quarter or year. Then stay invested for the long term to yield better returns.

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I hope, this article will help you to find undervalued stocks that can deliver better returns in the near future. If you have any questions feel free to comment so that we have a discussion. If you have found this post helpful feel free to share it with your loved ones.

5 thoughts on “Top 10 Undervalued Stocks to Buy”

  1. A good article for beginners like us. Please assist us in simple language what stocks we should invest in and when we should sell them.

    Reply
  2. Nice article. You have explained what are undervalued stocks and you have also suggested some names. After the recent sell-off, many more quality stocks have become undervalued. I think you can add some names in your list. Other than this, I really enjoyed reading your article. You provided good information.

    Reply
  3. This is really good blog. In my blog, I also share the investing and trading information of the stock market and provide very good information. Please visit my blog and share your opinion

    Reply

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